Expressive writing and coping with job loss

Testing hypotheses derived from work on younger adults, the authors examined the relations between negative affect and emotion inhib Imagining you were Kris and had just received a layoff notice, we would like you to take the next few minutes and write down what feelings you might have.

Consedine, Carol Magai, Carl I. This case study utilizes participant observation and in-depth interviews at a support organization for unemployed Anticipated job loss also differs from job loss and unemployment.

Questions related to working and We randomized assignment condition in blocks of 14 switching back and forth i. To resolve this discrepancy. The Job Security Satisfaction scale [ 56 ]. Thus, while both groups experienced a decline in GSR, that decline was significantly greater in the emotion-focused writing condition.

Writing also increased immediate pre- to postwriting distress, which was unrelated to health outcomes. Results from a year follow-up of the Northern Expressive writing and coping with job loss Cohort.

In their study conducted in an outplacement firm, 41 unemployed professionals were randomly assigned to either the expressive writing group or the writing control group, and the other 22 individuals were a non-writing control group. Unemployed individuals are reported to suffer from more headaches, stomachaches, sleep problems, lack of energy, and death from stroke, heart, and kidney disease than individuals who are employed [ 33 ].

Cohen, Michael Gillespie " For participants high in situational emotional expression regarding clerkship stressors, those in the expressive writing condition had improved depressive symptoms compared to those who wrote about goals.

We tested differences in demographics across two conditions to verify the effectiveness of randomization. We recruited 99 community adults reporting at least 12 months of chronic medical illness or pain, 80 of whom com-pleted all four sessions of this six-month longitudinal intervention study.

Research since then e. The Effect of Expressive Writing Although we expected significant physiological responses to the layoff threat, we were primarily interested in examining the effectiveness of two coping interventions aimed at alleviating the stress response experienced by participants.

In an attempt to demonstrate the ecological validity of the scenario-based experiment, we conducted a pilot study to examine the effectiveness of the layoff manipulation before testing our hypotheses. I draw on self-determination theory, proposing that prosocial motivation is most likely to predict these outcomes when it is More recently, there has been a growing body of litera-ture suggesting that emotional expression has salutary health Betrayal trauma: The effects of talking and validation on perceived stress appeared to be mediated by lowered intrusions.

Expressiveness did not predict change in anxiety in the control group. More recent studies have shown that job insecurity is linked to decrements in general physical health [ 2829 ], poor eating habits [ 30 ], high blood pressure, high cholesterol [ 31 ], and negative perceptions of good health across 16 European countries [ 32 ].

However, the studies finding that inability or reluctance to express emotions predicts better outcomes from expressive writing support the hypothesis that those who do not normally express emotions will benefit more from expressive writing, perhaps because it provides a safe and structured context for expression.

The Ethics of Meaningful Work: Both historically and recently, psychologists have cited the expression of emotions as vital for good mental and physical health, although the inhibition of emotion was considered eleterious e.

After being connected to the Biopac system, participants were given further instruction about the procedure of this experiment: Readiness to return to work for people living with chronic pain.

Thus, Hypothesis 1 was supported. In this study, we will explore how individuals physiologically react to anticipated job loss and further explore how those reactions may differ as a function of the coping method employed in response to that job loss notification.

Preliminary analyses revealed that there was no significant difference between participants in the emotional-focused condition and those in the problem-focused condition regarding 1 how realistic the scenario was; 2 how difficult to image themselves as Kris; and 3 how concerned they were for Kris.

Health was enhanced in4 outcome types--reported physical health, ps It was expected that GSR and HR would increase significantly when participants read the layoff notice.

Specifically, they suggested that if individuals do not address negative emotions following job loss, they may appear to be nervous and insecure in interviews and show low self-esteem, not to mention the increased possibility of making bad decisions about job search activities resulted from the trauma of the job loss.

On the other hand, anticipated job loss is a state of being employed with the knowledge of impending job loss at a future date. Finally, all participants were debriefed.


This writing task was found to lead to significantly improved health outcomes inhealthy participants. However, this research has been largely correlational taking an individual differences approach in the self-reported coping styles utilized by layoff victims, rather than using an intervention-based approach manipulating which coping strategy layoff victims are asked to utilize.

Eight months later, it was found that In other words, what specifically would you do to get a new job. Results from a year follow-up of the Northern Swedish Cohort.

Specifically, they were told:. The job search-career transition process needs to address the psychological issues of job loss, as well as to emphasize job search activity.

The coping strategy of emotionally disclosive writing is an intervention that can effectively address this need in an outplacement setting. Expressive writing and coping with job loss. Academy of Management Journal, 37, High level engineers who lost their jobs were more likely to be re-employed if they wrote about their job loss than those who either did not write or.

employment counseling and life stressors: coping through expressive writing. Created Date: 8/15/ PM. Expressive Writing and Coping with Job Loss Created Date: Z.

James W Pennebaker

More than half (53 percent) of the expressive writing treatment group had found full-time employment in the eight months after the study, compared with 24 percent of the writing control group and 14 percent of the non-writing comparison group.

More than half (53 percent) of the expressive writing treatment group had found full-time employment in the eight months after the study, compared with 24 percent of the writing control group and 14 percent of the non-writing comparison group.

EXPRESSIVE WRITING AND COPING WITH JOB LOSS Expressive writing and coping with job loss
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